Role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Preservation of Cultural and Religious Heritage: Analytical Discourse of Pakistan


  • Dr. Muhammad Umar Riaz Abbasi Ph.D. Islamic Thought and Culture, Department of Islamic Thought and Culture, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad Pakistan, VFM, Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan / Author of Five Books and Forty-seven Research Publications, Columnist, Daily Pakistan Observer/Best Paper Presenter Award Globetz International Conference Turkey November 2021 Chairman, Global Reconciliation Institute for Peace ( GRIP), Corresponding & Principal Author Email: ORCID:
  • Sadaf Abbasi PhD Scholar, Alhamd Islamic University, Islamabad, Lecturer Pak Studies, Federal Directorate of Education, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Dr. Sardar Ali Assistant Professor, Islamic Studies, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan
  • Dr. Atiq Ur Rahman Qureshi HOD Islamic Studies Department, Hadaf Group of Colleges, Peshawar
  • Dr. Jafar Riaz Kataria Assistant Professor of Sociology, Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Dr. Nabeela Falak Assistant Professor, Islamic Studies, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Pakistan



Artificial Intelligence (AI), Cultural heritage preservation, Religious heritage preservation, Information technology, Pakistan, Machine Learning


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is significant in providing groundbreaking recommendations for preserving cultural and religious legacies. This article examines the substantial impact of AI in protecting Pakistan's cultural and religious heritage, highlighting the convergence of technology and the preservation of traditions.

Natural disasters, urbanization, and neglect threaten Pakistan's priceless artifacts and historical monuments, integral to the country's diversified society and rich maritime past. AI is crucial in documenting and restoring cultural artifacts and architectural wonders due to its proficient imaging and analytical abilities. With the help of machine learning algorithms, artifacts may be identified and categorized, producing extensive databases that are priceless resources for conservationists, historians, and archaeologists.

Furthermore, AI-powered innovations, including virtual and augmented reality, provide immersive experiences enabling individuals to explore and interact with cultural and religious sites remotely. This increases public knowledge and enables teaching and research, promoting a greater understanding and value for the country's heritage.

AI plays a role in safeguarding religious history by utilizing sophisticated language processing techniques to preserve sacred writings and manuscripts. The process of converting ancient scriptures into digital format not only guarantees their long-term preservation but also makes them easily accessible to both researchers and practitioners.

Still, a few obstacles exist to overcome when using AI for historical preservation. To ensure that technological interventions correspond with the cultural values and sensitivities of the Pakistani people, it is crucial to handle ethical issues, data privacy concerns, and the need for community involvement with care.

Through Artificial technology, Pakistan can effectively protect its historical artifacts and promote the links between its past and present, guaranteeing that the forthcoming generation will come with a dynamic cultural heritage.